Common genres: fiction Subsets of genres, known as common genres (or sub-genres), have developed from the types of genres in written expression. Classic – fiction that has become part of an accepted literary canon, widely taught in schools Crime/detective – fiction about a crime, how the criminal gets caught and serves time, and the repercussions of the crime Epic – a genre of narrative poetry in a time before history about extraordinary feats that involve religious underpinnings and themes Fable – legendary, supernatural tale demonstrating a useful truth Fairy tale – story about fairies or other magical creatures Fantasy – fiction in an unreal setting that often includes magic, magical creatures, or the supernatural Folktale – the songs, stories, myths, and proverbs of a people or “folk” as handed down by word of mouth Gothic fiction or Gothic Romanticism Historical fiction – story with fictional characters and events in a historical setting Horror – fiction in which events evoke a feeling of dread and sometimes fear in both the characters and the reader Humor – usually a fiction full of fun, fancy, and excitement, meant to entertain and sometimes cause intended laughter; but can be contained in all genres Legend – story, sometimes of a national or folk hero, that has a basis in fact but also includes imaginative material Magical realism – story where magical or unreal elements play a natural part in an otherwise realistic environment Meta fiction (also known as romantic irony in the context of Romantic works of literature) – uses self-reference to draw attention to itself as a work of art while exposing the “truth” of a story Mystery – fiction dealing with the solution of a crime or the revealing of secrets Mythology – legend or traditional narrative, often based in part on historical events, that reveals human behavior and natural phenomena by its symbolism; often pertaining to the actions of the gods Mythopoeia – fiction in which characters from religious mythology, traditional myths, folklore and/or history are recast into a re-imagined realm created by the author Realistic fiction – story that is true to life Romance – genre which place their primary focus on the relationship and romantic love between two people, which usually has an “emotionally satisfying and optimistic ending”. Satire – usually fiction and less frequently in non-fiction, in which vices, follies, abuses and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement. Science fiction – story based on the impact of actual, imagined, or potential science, often set in the future or on other planets Short story – fiction of great brevity, usually supports no subplots. Spy fiction – fiction involving espionage and establishment of modern intelligence agencies. Superhero fiction – fiction involving costumed crime fighters known as superheroes who often possess superhuman powers and battle with similarly powered criminals known as supervillains. Swashbuckler – story based on a time of swordsmen, pirates and ships, and other related ideas, usually full of action Tall tale – humorous story with blatant exaggerations, such as swaggering heroes who do the impossible with nonchalance Theological fiction – explores the theological ideas which shape attitudes towards religious expression. Suspense/thriller – fiction about harm about to befall a person or group and the attempts made to evade the harm Tragicomedy – a play or novel containing elements of both comedy and tragedy. Travel – literature containing elements of the outdoors, nature, adventure, and traveling Western – fiction set in the American Old West frontier and typically in the late nineteenth to early twentieth century. Common genres: nonfiction Biography – a narrative of a person’s life; when the author is also the main subject, this is an autobiography or memoir Essay – a short literary composition that reflects the author’s outlook or point Journalism – reporting on news and current events Memoir – factual story that focuses on a significant relationship between the writer and a person, place, or object; reads like a short novel Narrative nonfiction/personal narrative – factual information about a significant event presented in a format that tells a story Reference book – such as a dictionary, thesaurus, encyclopedia, almanac, or atlas Self-help book – information with the intention of instructing readers on solving personal problems Speech – public address or discourse Textbook – authoritative and detailed factual description of a thing
Color coding for Accelerated Reader program Reading Level 0.1 – 0.9 Light blue with a gold star 1.0 – 1.4 Light blue 1.5 – 1.9 Dark blue 2.0 – 2.4 Light green 2.5 – 2.9 Dark green 3.0 – 3.4 Light orange 3.5 – 3.9 Dark orange 4.0 – 4.9 Yellow 5.0 – 5.9 Red 6.0 – 6.9 Dark Pink 7.0 – 7.9 Light Pink 8.0 & up Purple
The Dewey Decimal System is a way to put books in order by subject. It is often used in public libraries and schools in the United States and other countries. It places the books on the shelf by subject using numbers from 000 to 999. It is called “decimal” because it uses numbers to the right of the decimal point for more detail (e.g. 944.1 for History of Brittany). Each subject has its own group of numbers. The system was created by Melvil Dewey in 1876. It is also called the Dewey Decimal Classification. The classification has been changed many times. The latest change is number 23 in 2011. There is also a smaller one for small libraries called “Abridged Dewey”.
Each subject is broken up into 10 smaller, more specific categories. 000 – Computer science, information, and general works 100 – Philosophy and psychology 200 – Religion 300 – Social sciences 400 – Language 500 – Science 600 – Technology 700 – Arts and recreation 800 – Literature 900 – History and geography